We studied India recently. It is a country with an interesting history. It had been ruled numerous times by different empires. One was the Mughal Empire. It was during this empire that the Taj Mahal was built. In case you don't know, it was built by the Emperor Shah Jahan who's wife died during the birth of their 14th child. It was a monument to her.
Europeans loved the spices that were found in India. Hundreds of years ago selling spices led to great wealth. This led the Portugese and British to India. The British ended up governing India for almost 400 years, until India gained it's independence in 1947, thanks in part to Gandhi.
We learned that India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh were once all of India. After England gave India it's independence, it broke up India into West Pakistan, India, and East Pakistan. The Pakistan's were made up of mostly Muslim's. Later on East Pakistan would become Bangladesh.
Today, India has people that are very poor, and some are quite wealthy. My kids couldn't believe that some people didn't own a television, let alone have toilet in the home.
Even with so many people impoverished, India has high tech cities. It is home to many technology companies, animation companies, and has a famous movie industry.
There is lot's more to learn about India. If you would like to learn more, some great books are India, T is for Taj Mahal, and Children Just Like Me.